Publication: The Bimodality of Accretion in T Tauri Stars and Brown Dwarfs

All || By Area || By Year

Title The Bimodality of Accretion in T Tauri Stars and Brown Dwarfs
Authors/Editors* E. I. Vorobyov, S. Basu
Where published* Astrophysical Journal
How published* Journal
Year* 2009
Volume 703
Pages 922-929
We present numerical solutions of the collapse of prestellar cores that lead to the formation and evolution of circumstellar disks. The disk evolution is then followed for up to three million years. A variety of models of different initial masses and rotation rates allow us to study disk accretion around brown dwarfs and low-mass T Tauri stars (TTSs), with central object mass M * < 0.2 M sun, as well as intermediate- and upper-mass TTSs (0.2 M sun < M * < 3.0 M sun). Our models include self-gravity and allow for nonaxisymmetric motions. In addition to the self-consistently generated gravitational torques, we introduce an effective turbulent α-viscosity with α = 0.01, which allows us particularly to model accretion in the low-mass regime where disk self-gravity is diminishing. A range of models with observationally motivated values of the initial ratio of rotational-to-gravitational energy yield a correlation between mass accretion rate \dot{M} and M * that is relatively steep, as observed. Additionally, our modeling reveals evidence for a bimodality in the \dot{M}-M * correlation, with a steeper slope at lower masses and a shallower slope at intermediate and upper masses, as also implied by observations. Furthermore, we show that the neglect of disk self-gravity leads to a much steeper \dot{M}-M * relation for intermediate- and upper-mass TTSs. This demonstrates that an accurate treatment of global self-gravity is essential to understanding observations of circumstellar disks.
Go to Star Formation
Back to page 30 of list