Publication: Effective Thermal Properties of the Solid Bed in Extrusion Machinery

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Title Effective Thermal Properties of the Solid Bed in Extrusion Machinery
Authors/Editors* P.A. Moysey, A. Al Otaibi, K.L. Cloet, M.R. Thompson
Where published* International Polymer Processing
How published* Journal
Year* 2008
Volume 23
Number 3
Pages 301-311
Publisher Hanser
Keywords extrusion, discrete element method, effective thermal conductivity, plastics
In this paper, both experimental trials and numerical simulations are presented to improve our understanding of the heat transfer within granular polymer beds for systems with and without shear. Both amorphous polymer, polystyrene (PS), and a semi-crystalline polymer, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) of varying particle size from 6mm to 25mm were examined. The estimated effective thermal conductivity data from the experimental trials was found by fit to two simple semi-empirical models allowing readers to readily approximate the property based on porosity of the bed and solid thermal properties. Discrete particle simulations, i.e. DEM, were used to recognize the importance of heat transport through the stagnant interstitial gas phase in comparison to particle-particle conduction. The results underscore the importance of including an effective thermal conductivity for granular solids in an extruder when using continuum models.
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