Complex chemistry and non-adiabatic effects may make the equilibrium calculation more time-consuming and difficult. In some instances the equilibrium calculation may even fail. You may be able to eliminate any difficulties that you encounter by trying the calculation as an adiabatic system. Adiabatic system calculations are generally quite straightforward and can provide valuable insight into the optimal inputs to the non-adiabatic calculation.
Additional stability issues may arise for solid or heavy liquid fuels that have been defined using the empirical fuel approach. You may find that, for rich fuel mixtures, the equilibrium calculation produces very low temperatures and eventually fails. This indicates that strong endothermic reactions are taking place and the mixture is not able to sustain them. In this situation, you may need to raise the heating value of the fuel until FLUENT produces acceptable results. Provided that your fuel will be treated as a liquid or solid (coal) fuel, you can maintain the desired heating value in your FLUENT simulation. This is accomplished by defining the difference between the desired and the adjusted heating values as latent heat (in the case of combusting solid fuel) or heat of pyrolysis (in the case of liquid fuel).