The fan model is a lumped parameter model that can be used to determine the impact of a fan with known characteristics upon some larger flow field. The fan boundary type allows you to input an empirical fan curve which governs the relationship between head (pressure rise) and flow rate (velocity) across a fan element. You can also specify radial and tangential components of the fan swirl velocity. The fan model does not provide an accurate description of the detailed flow through the fan blades. Instead, it predicts the amount of flow through the fan. Fans may be used in conjunction with other flow sources, or as the sole source of flow in a simulation. In the latter case, the system flow rate is determined by the balance between losses in the system and the fan curve.
FLUENT also provides a connection for a special user-defined fan model that updates the pressure jump function during the calculation. This feature is described in Section 7.24.
You can find the following information about modeling fans in this section: