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7.4 Velocity Inlet Boundary Conditions

Velocity inlet boundary conditions are used to define the flow velocity, along with all relevant scalar properties of the flow, at flow inlets. The total (or stagnation) properties of the flow are not fixed, so they will rise to whatever value is necessary to provide the prescribed velocity distribution.


This boundary condition is intended for incompressible flows, and its use in compressible flows will lead to a nonphysical result because it allows stagnation conditions to float to any level. You should also be careful not to place a velocity inlet too close to a solid obstruction, since this could cause the inflow stagnation properties to become highly non-uniform.

In special instances, a velocity inlet may be used in FLUENT to define the flow velocity at flow exits. (The scalar inputs are not used in such cases.) In such cases you must ensure that overall continuity is maintained in the domain.

For an overview of flow boundaries, see Section  7.2.

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