## 28.5.3 Transforming Geometric Objects in a Scene

When you are composing a scene in your graphics window, you might find it helpful to move a particular object from its original position or to increase or decrease its size. For example, if you have displayed contours or vectors on cross-sections of an internal flow domain (such as a pipe), you might want to translate these cross-sections so that they will appear outside of the pipe, where they can be seen and interpreted more easily. Figure  28.5.3 shows such an example.

You can also move an object by rotating it about the , , or axis. If you want to display one object more prominently than the others, you can scale its size. If your geometry is rotating or has rotational symmetry, you can display the meridional view. All of these capabilities are available in the Transformations panel (Figure  28.5.4).

To perform the transformations described above, select one or more objects in the Names list in the Scene Description panel and then click the Transform... button to open the Transformations panel for that object or group of objects.

Translating Objects

To translate the selected object(s), enter the translation distance in each direction in the X, Y, and Z real number fields under Translate. (Note that you can check the domain extents in the Scale Grid panel or the Iso-Surface panel.) Translations are not cumulative, so you can easily return to a known state. To return to the original position, simply enter 0 in all three real number fields.

Rotating Objects

To rotate the selected object(s), enter the number of degrees by which to rotate about each axis in the X, Y, and Z integer number fields under Rotate By. (You can enter any value between and .) By default, the rotation origin will be (0,0,0). If you want to spin an object about its own origin, or about some other point, specify the X, Y, and Z coordinates of that point under Rotate About.

Rotations are not cumulative, so you can easily return to a known state. To return to the original position, simply enter 0 in all three integer number fields under Rotate By.

Scaling Objects

To scale the selected object(s), enter the amount by which to scale in each direction in the X, Y, and Z real number fields under Scale. To avoid distortion of the object's shape, be sure to specify the same value for all three entries. Scaling is not cumulative, so you can easily return to a known state. To return the object to its original size, simply enter 1 in all three real number fields.

Displaying the Meridional View

To display the meridional view of the selected object(s), turn on the Meridional option. This option is available only for 3D models. It is applicable to cases with a defined axis of rotation and is especially useful in turbomachinery applications.

The meridional transformation projects the selected entities onto a surface of constant angular coordinate, . The resultant projection thus lies in an ( , ) plane where is in the direction of the rotation axis and is normal to it. The value of used for the projection is taken as that corresponding to the minimum ( , ) point of the entity.

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