Chapter 4: Element Support for Material Models

Following is a list of element types that support various material constitutive properties. To take advantage of the many material properties available, use current-technology (rather than legacy) elements in your analysis.

Material models are specified via the TB,Lab command, where Lab represents the material model label (shortcut name). For more information about each material model, see the Material Reference.

For a list of material models and the elements that support them, see Material Model Element Support in the Material Reference.

ElementDescription Supported Material Properties
SOLID5 (legacy)3-D Coupled-Field SolidAnisotropic elasticity, Magnetic, Piezoelectric matrix
PLANE13 (legacy)2-D Coupled-Field SolidAnisotropic elasticity, Magnetic, Piezoelectric matrix
FLUID303-D Acoustic FluidJohnson-Champoux-Allard Equivalent Fluid Model of a Porous Media
SOLID65 (legacy)3-D Reinforced Concrete SolidAnisotropic plasticity, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Concrete or concrete damage, Creep, Drucker-Prager plasticity, Multilinear elasticity, State variables (user-defined), User-defined
SOLID963-D Magnetic Scalar SolidMagnetic
SOLID98 (legacy)Tetrahedral Coupled-Field SolidAnisotropic elasticity, Magnetic, Piezoelectric matrix
FLUID116Coupled Thermal-Fluid PipeState variables (user-defined), User-defined
LINK160 (explicit)Explicit 3-D Spar (or Truss)Bilinear kinematic hardening, Plasticity laws
BEAM161 (explicit)Explicit 3-D BeamBilinear kinematic hardening, Viscoelasticity, Plasticity laws
PLANE162 (explicit)Explicit 2-D Structural SolidBilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Composite damage, Viscoelasticity, Foam, Honeycomb, Mooney-Rivlin hyperelasticity, Plasticity laws
SHELL163 (explicit)Explicit Thin Structural ShellBilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Composite damage, Mooney-Rivlin hyperelasticity, Plasticity laws
SOLID164 (explicit)Explicit 3-D Structural SolidAnisotropic elasticity, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Composite damage, Concrete damage, Viscoelasticity, Foam, Geological cap, Honeycomb, Mooney-Rivlin hyperelasticity, Plasticity laws
COMBI165 (explicit)Explicit Spring-DamperExplicit spring-damper (discrete)
SOLID168 (explicit)Explicit 3-D 10-Node Tetrahedral Structural SolidAnisotropic elasticity, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Composite damage, Concrete damage, Viscoelasticity, Foam, Geological cap, Honeycomb, Mooney-Rivlin hyperelasticity, Plasticity laws
CONTA1712-D 2-Node Surface-to-Surface ContactCohesive zone, Coefficient of friction, User-defined friction, Contact interaction, Contact surface wear

Orthotropic friction (TB,FRIC,,,,ORTHO) is not applicable to the 2-D contact elements CONTA171 and CONTA172.

Contact surface wear is not available for CONTA176 and CONTA177.

Contact interaction for general contact definitions is not applicable to CONTA175 and CONTA176.

CONTA1722-D 3-Node Surface-to-Surface Contact
CONTA1733-D 4-Node Surface-to-Surface Contact
CONTA1743-D 8-Node Surface-to-Surface Contact
CONTA1752-D/3-D Node-to-Surface Contact
CONTA1763-D Line-to-Line Contact
CONTA1773-D Line-to-Surface Contact

CONTA178

3-D Node-to-Node Contact

Coefficient of friction, User-defined friction, Contact interaction

Orthotropic friction (TB,FRIC,,,,ORTHO) is not applicable to CONTA178.

Contact interaction for general contact definitions does not apply to CONTA178.

LINK1803-D Spar (or Truss)Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, State variables (user-defined), User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
SHELL1814-Node Structural ShellAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh Damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shape memory alloy (SMA), Shift function for viscoelastic materials, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
PLANE1822-D 4-Node Structural SolidAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cam-clay, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Crack growth fracture criterion, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Drucker-Prager concrete, Elasticity, Extended Drucker-Prager, Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Jointed rock, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Microplane, Mohr-Coulomb, Porous elasticity, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
PLANE1832-D 8-Node or 6-Node Structural Solid
MPC184Multipoint ConstraintJoint (linear and nonlinear elastic stiffness, linear and nonlinear damping, and frictional behavior)
SOLID1853-D 8-Node Structural SolidAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cam-clay, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Crack growth fracture criterion, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Drucker-Prager concrete, Elasticity, Extended Drucker-Prager, Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Jointed rock, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Microplane, Mohr-Coulomb, Porous elasticity, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
SOLID1863-D 20-Node Structural SolidAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Cam-clay, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Drucker-Prager concrete, Elasticity, Extended Drucker-Prager, Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Jointed rock, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Microplane, Mohr-Coulomb, Porous elasticity, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
SOLID1873-D 10-Node Tetrahedral Structural Solid
BEAM1883-D 2-Node BeamBilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy (SMA), State variables (user-defined), User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
BEAM1893-D 3-Node Beam
SOLSH1903-D 8-Node Structural Solid ShellAnisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Extended Drucker-Prager, Elasticity, Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
INTER1922-D 4-Node GasketGasket
INTER1932-D 6-Node Gasket
INTER1943-D 16-Node Gasket
INTER1953-D 8-Node Gasket
INTER2022-D 4-Node CohesiveCohesive zone
INTER2032-D 6-Node Cohesive
INTER2043-D 16-Node Cohesive
INTER2053-D 8-Node Cohesive
SHELL2082-Node Axisymmetric ShellAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy (SMA), State variables (user-defined), Swelling, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
SHELL2093-Node Axisymmetric ShellAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy (SMA), State variables (user-defined), Swelling, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
CPT2122-D 4-Node Coupled Pore-Pressure Mechanical SolidBilinear isotropic hardening, Cam-clay, Cast iron, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Coupled Pore-Fluid Diffusion and Structural Model of Porous Media, Density, Drucker-Prager concrete, Elasticity, Extended Drucker-Prager (excluding Cap yield surface), Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy (with TB,BISO or TB,PLAS,,,,MISO only), Hyperelasticity, Jointed rock, Microplane, Mohr-Coulomb, Multilinear isotropic hardening, Nonlinear isotropic hardening, Porous elasticity, Swelling, Coefficient of thermal expansion
CPT2132-D 8-Node Coupled Pore-Pressure Mechanical Solid
CPT2153-D 8-Node Coupled Pore-Pressure Mechanical Solid
CPT2163-D 20-Node Coupled Pore-Pressure Mechanical Solid
CPT2173-D 10-Node Coupled Pore-Pressure Mechanical Solid
FLUID2203-D Acoustic Fluid 20-Node Solid ElementJohnson-Champoux-Allard Equivalent Fluid Model of a Porous Media
FLUID2213-D Acoustic Fluid 10-Node Solid ElementJohnson-Champoux-Allard Equivalent Fluid Model of a Porous Media
PLANE2232-D 8-Node Coupled-Field SolidAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Anisotropic electric permittivity, Extended Drucker-Prager, Elasticity, Gurson pressure-dependent plasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Migration model, Mullins effect, Piezoelectric matrix, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Piezoresistivity, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Material structural damping, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, Voce isotropic hardening law

These material properties do not apply to piezoelectric analyses (TB,PIEZ) where KEYOPT(1) = 1001 or 1011.

SOLID2263-D 20-Node Coupled-Field Solid
SOLID2273-D 10-Node Coupled-Field Solid
PLANE2332-D 8-Node Electromagnetic Solid Magnetic
SOLID2373-D 10-Node Electromagnetic Solid
HSFLD2412-D Hydrostatic FluidFluid
HSFLD2423-D Hydrostatic Fluid
REINF2632-D Smeared ReinforcingBilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
REINF2643-D Discrete Reinforcing
REINF2653-D Smeared Reinforcing
SOLID272General Axisymmetric Solid with 4 Base NodesAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Extended Drucker-Prager, Shape memory alloy (SMA)
SOLID273General Axisymmetric Solid with 8 Base Nodes
SOLID2783-D 8-Node Thermal SolidState variables (user-defined), User-defined
SOLID2793-D 20-Node Thermal Solid
SHELL2818-Node Structural ShellAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy (SMA), State variables (user-defined), Swelling, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
SOLID2853-D 4-Node Tetrahedral Structural Solid with Nodal PressuresAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Extended Drucker-Prager, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Material-dependent alpha and beta damping (Rayleigh damping), Material-dependent structural damping, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy, State variables (user-defined), Swelling, Uniaxial stress-strain relation, User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
PIPE2883-D 2-Node PipeAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Cast iron, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Extended Drucker-Prager, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, Shape memory alloy (SMA), State variables (user-defined), User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law
PIPE2893-D 3-Node Pipe
ELBOW2903-D 3-Node ElbowAnisotropic hyperelasticity, Anisotropic elasticity, Bergstrom-Boyce, Bilinear isotropic hardening, Bilinear kinematic hardening, Mullins effect, Chaboche nonlinear kinematic hardening, Creep, Coefficient of thermal expansion, Damage evolution law, Damage initiation criteria, Density, Extended Drucker-Prager, Elasticity, Hill anisotropy, Hyperelasticity, Prony series constants for viscoelastic materials, Rate-dependent plasticity (viscoplasticity), Rate-independent plasticity, Material structural damping, Shift function for viscoelastic materials, State variables (user-defined), User-defined, Voce isotropic hardening law

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