18.1. Output - Part Summary Variables

The Part summary variable includes three sets of optional data:

This data is accumulated per Part and is available for review via the print file (using the energy summary option) or as time history data (using the Part summary option).

Note that by default, these additional variables are not available for history plotting. The variables must be activated using the Output, History, Select Part Summary Variables option.

Hourglass energy

The 2D and 3D Lagrangian volume and shell elements in Autodyn use hourglass control to remove zero energy modes of deformation. The forces of the hourglass control algorithms dissipate energy in resisting the zero energy modes of deformation.

In Autodyn, this energy is calculated and accumulated in the element internal energy. In version 6.1, the hourglass energy is now also accumulated independently to the internal energy to allow users to interrogate and assess the relevance of hourglass energy in a simulation.

Contact energy

Contact energy is accumulated on a per part basis as:

(18–1)

For the purpose of energy accountancy, the contact energy is added to the work done on the system.

External forces

The resultant external forces on a Part can now be easily extracted from a simulation by selecting the appropriate components as Part summary variables. The components available are:

Note: External forces are not extracted for polygon based Euler Lagrange coupling in 2D


Release 16.2 - © SAS IP, Inc. All rights reserved.